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SharpKit Reference

Panel Class

Grids are an excellent way of showing large amounts of tabular data on the client side. Essentially a supercharged <table>, GridPanel makes it easy to fetch, sort and filter large amounts of data.

Grids are composed of two main pieces - a Store full of data and a set of columns to render.

Basic GridPanel

  
    Ext.create('Ext.data.Store', {
            storeId:'simpsonsStore',
            fields:['name', 'email', 'phone'],
            data:{'items':[
            { 'name': 'Lisa',  "email":"lisa@simpsons.com",  "phone":"555-111-1224"  },
            { 'name': 'Bart',  "email":"bart@simpsons.com",  "phone":"555-222-1234" },
            { 'name': 'Homer', "email":"home@simpsons.com",  "phone":"555-222-1244"  },
            { 'name': 'Marge', "email":"marge@simpsons.com", "phone":"555-222-1254"  }
            ]},
            proxy: {
            type: 'memory',
            reader: {
            type: 'json',
            root: 'items'
            }
            }
            });
            Ext.create('Ext.grid.Panel', {
            title: 'Simpsons',
            store: Ext.data.StoreManager.lookup('simpsonsStore'),
            columns: [
            { text: 'Name',  dataIndex: 'name' },
            { text: 'Email', dataIndex: 'email', flex: 1 },
            { text: 'Phone', dataIndex: 'phone' }
            ],
            height: 200,
            width: 400,
            renderTo: Ext.getBody()
            });
            

The code above produces a simple grid with three columns. We specified a Store which will load JSON data inline. In most apps we would be placing the grid inside another container and wouldn't need to use the height, width and renderTo configurations but they are included here to make it easy to get up and running.

The grid we created above will contain a header bar with a title ('Simpsons'), a row of column headers directly underneath and finally the grid rows under the headers.

Configuring columns

By default, each column is sortable and will toggle between ASC and DESC sorting when you click on its header. Each column header is also reorderable by default, and each gains a drop-down menu with options to hide and show columns. It's easy to configure each column - here we use the same example as above and just modify the columns config:

  
columns: [
            {
            text: 'Name',
            dataIndex: 'name',
            sortable: false,
            hideable: false,
            flex: 1
            },
            {
            text: 'Email',
            dataIndex: 'email',
            hidden: true
            },
            {
            text: 'Phone',
            dataIndex: 'phone',
            width: 100
            }
            ]
            

We turned off sorting and hiding on the 'Name' column so clicking its header now has no effect. We also made the Email column hidden by default (it can be shown again by using the menu on any other column). We also set the Phone column to a fixed with of 100px and flexed the Name column, which means it takes up all remaining width after the other columns have been accounted for. See the column docs for more details.

Renderers

As well as customizing columns, it's easy to alter the rendering of individual cells using renderers. A renderer is tied to a particular column and is passed the value that would be rendered into each cell in that column. For example, we could define a renderer function for the email column to turn each email address into a mailto link:

  
columns: [
            {
            text: 'Email',
            dataIndex: 'email',
            renderer: function(value) {
            return Ext.String.format('<a href="mailto:{0}">{1}</a>', value, value);
            }
            }
            ]
            

See the column docs for more information on renderers.

Selection Models

Sometimes all you want is to render data onto the screen for viewing, but usually it's necessary to interact with or update that data. Grids use a concept called a Selection Model, which is simply a mechanism for selecting some part of the data in the grid. The two main types of Selection Model are RowSelectionModel, where entire rows are selected, and CellSelectionModel, where individual cells are selected.

Grids use a Row Selection Model by default, but this is easy to customise like so:

  
    Ext.create('Ext.grid.Panel', {
            selType: 'cellmodel',
            store: ...
            });
            

Specifying the cellmodel changes a couple of things. Firstly, clicking on a cell now selects just that cell (using a rowmodel will select the entire row), and secondly the keyboard navigation will walk from cell to cell instead of row to row. Cell-based selection models are usually used in conjunction with editing.

Sorting & Filtering

Every grid is attached to a Store, which provides multi-sort and filtering capabilities. It's easy to set up a grid to be sorted from the start:

  
var myGrid = Ext.create('Ext.grid.Panel', {
            store: {
            fields: ['name', 'email', 'phone'],
            sorters: ['name', 'phone']
            },
            columns: [
            { text: 'Name',  dataIndex: 'name' },
            { text: 'Email', dataIndex: 'email' }
            ]
            });
            

Sorting at run time is easily accomplished by simply clicking each column header. If you need to perform sorting on more than one field at run time it's easy to do so by adding new sorters to the store:

  
myGrid.store.sort([
            { property: 'name',  direction: 'ASC' },
            { property: 'email', direction: 'DESC' }
            ]);
            

See Ext.data.Store for examples of filtering.

State saving

When configured stateful, grids save their column state (order and width) encapsulated within the default Panel state of changed width and height and collapsed/expanded state.

Each column of the grid may be configured with a stateId which identifies that column locally within the grid.

Plugins and Features

Grid supports addition of extra functionality through features and plugins:

  • CellEditing - editing grid contents one cell at a time.

  • RowEditing - editing grid contents an entire row at a time.

  • DragDrop - drag-drop reordering of grid rows.

  • Paging toolbar - paging through large sets of data.

  • Infinite scrolling - another way to handle large sets of data.

  • RowNumberer - automatically numbered rows.

  • Grouping - grouping together rows having the same value in a particular field.

  • Summary - a summary row at the bottom of a grid.

  • GroupingSummary - a summary row at the bottom of each group.

Namespace: Ext.grid

Constructors

Methods

Name Description
reconfigure(object, object) Reconfigures the grid with a new store/columns. Either the store or the columns can be omitted if you don't wish to change them.
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